Researchers, and their immediate families, may not have financial interests that could bias the outcome of their research. Even the appearance of a conflict is cause for objective parties to question research results. To avoid the appearance of impropriety researchers must disclose such interests prior to initiating their reserach. In most cases the appearance of a conflict, or an actual conflict, can be managed by adopting some simple precautions. As of November 2015 the Chancellor's Office is developing a Procedure/Standard for all universities that complies with the Uniform Guidance and most, if not all, federal agency requirements.