Researchers, and their immediate families, may not have financial interests that could bias the outcome of their research. Even the appearance of a conflict is cause for objective parties to question research results. To avoid the appearance of impropriety researchers must disclose such interests prior to initiating their reserach. In most cases the appearance of a conflict, or an actual conflict, can be managed by adopting some simple precautions. The Office of the Chancellor developed a model Conflict of Interest policy
that the PASSHE universities are adopting.