A student and faculty working together that goes beyond the standard for an undergraduate or graduate student at a PASSHE University. The term must be defined in comparison to the ususal level of support provided to all students within a department or discipline. The definition may vary from one discipline to another. The determination must be made by the department or division head and is subject to the affirmation of the dean. Collaboration may take to the form of a student assisting faculty with research or creative activities. It may take the form of students and faculty working together to develop an exhibit or production of works of art, outside of for-credit courses. It does not include independent study courses taken for credit. It does not include work for pay or other compensation under the guidance of a faculty or staff person. Should a question arise about whether collaboration is beyond the standard, a written statement will be obtained from the unit leader (department or division head, dean, director, etc.) concerning the level of collaboration.